It is a Mapuche town of great charm located in the Cautín province, Araucanía region. It is situated in the middle of the Imperial river basin, which allows using its resources. Over 70% of the population is rural, having the forest industry as a main commercial activity, focusing on pine and eucalyptus production.
Since 2014 and thanks to its Mapuche high density population, Galvarino declared Mapudungún as an official language, being the first territory in Chile to do so.
A rainy weather prevails in the region, although in a less scale towards north; in this way, the average annual temperature reaches 12.9ºC (264.2°F).